Education About Asia: Online Archives

THERE AND BACK AGAIN: Teaching About the Urban Youth Generation

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The “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” was a phenomenon that greatly affected the Chinese world. For several years the country was torn apart and turned upside down. It was launched by Mao Zedong, in his power struggle against Liu Shaoqi, in order to firmly entrench his view that ideology, rather than materialism, was the way to lead the country forward.1 During this period of chaos, vast numbers of Chinese youth left the cities to work in the state farms and villages of the countryside.