Education About Asia: Online Archives

The Golf War: A Story of Land, Golf, and Revolution

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The genteel game of golf kills Filipinos! To oppose powerful developers intent on converting farmland and fishing areas in the Philippines into golf-course-enhanced tourist attractions is to risk life and limb. Politicized violence from the government and private armies (“guns, goons and gold”) are all too familiar in the Philippines and other late-industrializing countries. In this well-framed case study, carefully documented corrupt land deals stretch from local government in Hacienda Looc, Batangas Province, up to administrators appointed by President Fidel Ramos (1992–1998) in Malacañang Palace.