Master Sergeant Michael W. Howland (MSG) is currently Senior Military Instructor for the award-winning University of Mississippi ROTC program. MSG Howland entered active duty in the United States Army in 1988 when he enlisted as an Infantryman and graduated from Basic/AIT and Airborne School at Fort Benning, Georgia. In 2000, he was assigned to US Army Special Operations Command, where he served until being assigned to the Rebel Battalion at the University of Mississippi in June 2010. MSG Howland served two separate tours of duty in Afghanistan. Some of MSG Howland’s military decorations include the Bronze Star Medal with one Oak Leaf, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Joint Service Commendation Medal, Army Commendation Medal with eight Oak Leaf Clusters, Southwest Asia Service Medal with two Bronze Stars, Saudi Arabia/Kuwait Liberation Medal, Kuwait Liberation Medal, Afghanistan Campaign Medal with one Bronze Campaign Star, and Iraq Campaign Medal with three Bronze Campaign Stars. Howland has been awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge (second award), Expert Infantryman Badge, Master Parachutist Badge, Pathﬁnder Badge, Air Assault Badge, and the Army Gold Recruiter badge with three Sapphires. In the following interview, MSG Howland discusses what he thinks teachers and students should know about the war in Afghanistan. The answers are his personal opinions and not necessarily those of the US military. Knowledge was also gained from the personal insights of others with whom he served. Thanks go to Peter Frost for suggesting MSG Howland as an interviewee.
Lucien: What was your job in Afghanistan?
MSG Howland: I was assigned to a task force after the invasion of Afghanistan that was tasked with ﬁnding high value targets of al-Qaeda and the Taliban.
Lucien: What do you think is important for teachers and students to know about al-Qaeda, the Taliban, and the war in Afghanistan?
MSG Howland: The easiest answer is the most simple. Most understand that the Taliban harbored al-Qaeda, allowed them free reign to plan their attacks on US interests around the world and, ultimately, the US itself on 9/11. The correct decision was made that the only way to defeat this clear and present danger was to invade the country and change the dynamic that allowed al-Qaeda to ﬂourish, as well as to dismantle their infrastructure. The need to ensure that terrorists are not provided safe harbors to plan and execute terrorist acts cannot be understated and should be, in my opinion, the ﬁrst reason given for the war itself.
Lucien: What are some major points you think teachers and students should know about Afghans who are not insurgents?
MSG Howland: In my opinion, most Afghans are not insurgents. Many are normal people with families who are unlucky enough to live in an area that has insurgents in it. This creates a conﬂict of interest because the insurgents have no qualms about threatening the lives of these people if they help coalition forces. Having said that, the struggle is getting the Afghans to take responsibility for their future by turning in these insurgents to create a safer place. Of course, when you have lived like this for longer than most can recall, it shouldn’t surprise anyone